Japā ジャパー

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Shoe-flower)

japA


An evergreen, woody unarmed glabrous showy shrub, with pale grey or whitish bark; leaves simple, bright green, ovate, entire below, irregularly and coarsely serrate towards the top, glabrous on both sides, minute stellate hairs on the nerves beneath; flowers showy, solitary and axiliary, pedicles jointed with pistils & stamens projecting from the centre, anthers reniform or kidney shaped; 1 – celled. Flowering throughout the year. (Ashok Sheth (Ed.). 2005 The herbs of ayurveda vol.3 Gujarat : Ashok Sheth. p602)

पश्चादुच्चैर्भुजतरुवनं मण्डलेनाभिलीनः

सांध्यं तेजः प्रतिनवजपापुष्परक्तं दधानः ।

नृत्तारम्भे हर पशुपतेरार्द्रनागाजिनेच्छां

शान्तोद्वेगस्तिमितनयनं दृष्टभक्तिर्भवान्या ॥ ३६ ॥

After that, embrace from above the forest trees extending like arms,
While you wear the sunset light, as red as a fresh Japā flower.
The Beast Lord Śiva has a desire for the blood wet skin of an elephant;
But your devotion will take it away at the beginning of his dance,
Witnessed by his consort Bhavānī, whose eyes are steady from her fear calmed. (36)

その後は、腕のように伸ばされる木の森を、高みより輪になって抱き締め
夕暮れの光の、瑞々しいジャパーの花の赤さを着て
舞の始めに拭い去るのだ 獣の王シヴァ[パシュパティ]の、血濡れた象の皮を欲する衝動を
恐れを鎮められた静かな瞳で、シヴァの妻パルヴァティー[バヴァーニー]がその献身を認めるだろう(三六)


In the cloud’s journey. “When Śiva killed Gajāsura (Elephant-demon), he wore his skin dripping with blood, and danced about and wore it afterwords as a trophy. … Śiva is described as wearing this skin whenever he has his Tanḍava dance” (Kale 1999: 69-70). Since a cloud resembles grey elephant skin, the cloud may replace it and calm Śiva’s covet for the skin. The Japā-red colour shone by the sunset light serves as the elephant’s blood.
[Reference: Kale, M. R. 1999. The Meghadūta of Kālidāsa. Corrected Edition. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited.]

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(c) Tomomi Sato 2013

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